SIAIS Professors Zihe Rao and Haitao Yang's research team determine the crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 3CL hydrolase

发布者:冯明静发布时间:2020-02-14浏览次数:44

On January 26th, professors Zihe Rao and Haitao Yang’s research team at SIAIS (Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies) of ShanghaiTech University determined the high-resolution crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 3CL hydrolase (Mpro), the only public-domain 3D structure from SARS-CoV-2 currently. The structure data can be downloaded at PDB (Protein Data Bank, PDB) website (PDB ID: 6LU7).

The crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 3CL hydrolase (Mpro)


When the epidemic of COVID-19 broke out, the team decided to keep working even during the spring festival holiday. Utilizing their research experience in Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS), within one week after they received the DNA sequences, the team determined the structure of SARS-CoV-2 3CL hydrolase (Mpro), the essential enzyme for proteolytic maturation of the virus and a promising target for drug discovery. To facilitate the drug discovery and prevent further spread of the virus, the team released the structure data immediately. Prior to the official release on PDB website, the team had already provided the structure data to over 300 research teams from academia and industries worldwide.

Recently, the crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 3CL hydrolase (Mpro) was selected as February Molecule of the Month by PDB, and was featured in PDB news.  “Rapid public release of this structure of the main protease of the virus (PDB 6lu7) will enable research on this newly-recognized human pathogen,” PDB news commented.

PDB February Molecule of the Month - the crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 3CL hydrolase (Mpro)




PDB News

The PDB news report  on 2020/02/04

New Coronavirus Protease Structure Available
PDB data provide a starting point for structure-guided drug discovery

A high-resolution crystal structure of 2019-nCoV coronavirus 3CL hydrolase (Mpro) has been determined by Zihe Rao and Haitao Yang's research team at ShanghaiTech University. Rapid public release of this structure of the main protease of the virus (PDB 6lu7) will enable research on this newly-recognized human pathogen.

Recent emergence of the 2019-nCoV coronavirus has resulted in a WHO-declared public health emergency of international concern. Research efforts around the world are working towards establishing a greater understanding of this particular virus and developing treatments and vaccines to prevent further spread.


https://doi.org/10.2210/pdb6lu7/pdb


While PDB entry 6lu7 is currently the only public-domain 3D structure from this specific coronavirus, the PDB contains structures of the corresponding enzyme from other coronaviruses. The 2003 outbreak of the closely-related Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS) led to the first 3D structures, and today there are more than 200 PDB structures of SARS proteins. Structural information from these related proteins could be vital in furthering our understanding of coronaviruses and in discovery and development of new treatments and vaccines to contain the current outbreak.

The coronavirus 3CL hydrolase (Mpro) enzyme, also known as the main protease, is essential for proteolytic maturation of the virus. It is thought to be a promising target for discovery of small-molecule drugs that would inhibit cleavage of the viral polyprotein and prevent spread of the infection.

Comparison of the protein sequence of the 2019-nCoV coronavirus 3CL hydrolase (Mpro against the PDB archive identified 95 PDB proteins with at least 90% sequence identity. Furthermore, these related protein structures contain approximately 30 distinct small molecule inhibitors, which could guide discovery of new drugs. Of particular significance for drug discovery is the very high amino acid sequence identity (96%) between the 2019-nCoV coronavirus 3CL hydrolase (Mpro and the SARS virus main protease (PDB 1q2w). Summary data about these closely-related PDB structures are available to help researchers more easily find this information. In addition, the PDB houses 3D structure data for more than 20 unique SARS proteins represented in more than 200 PDB structures, including a second viral protease, the RNA polymerase, the viral spike protein, a viral RNA, and other proteins.

Public release of the 2019-nCoV coronavirus 3CL hydrolase (Mpro, at a time when this information can prove most vital and valuable, highlights the importance of open and timely availability of scientific data. The wwPDB strives to ensure that 3D biological structure data remain freely accessible for all, while maintaining as comprehensive and accurate an archive as possible. We hope that this new structure, and those from related viruses, will help researchers and clinicians address the 2019-nCoV coronavirus global public health emergency.

Read the PDB news at PDB Website: New Coronavirus Protease Structure Available